In Arkansas stalking is a serious crime defined as persistent, invasive behavior that includes surveillance and/or threats of serious bodily injury or death to the victim or the victim’s loved ones. Stalking may also involve the threat, either expressed or implied, of the use of a weapon.
A stalker engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for the person’s safety or the safety of others or to suffer substantial emotional distress.
- Course of conduct: Two or more acts, including, but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about, a person, or interferes with a person’s property. A pattern of conduct is composed of two or more acts separated by at least thirty-six hours, but occurring within one year. (Arkansas Stalking Law – Section 5-71-229 (1)(A)
- Substantial emotional distress: Significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily, require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.
- Reasonable person: A reasonable person under similar circumstances and with similar identities to the victim.