Intimate Partner/Relationship Violence

Arkansas Code - Title 9; Chapter 15 Subsection 103, (4) (A)

“Dating violence” is defined as violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:

  • the length of the relationship;
  • the type of relationship; and
  • the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.

About Interpersonal/Relationship Violence

Intimate partner/relationship violence is an instance or pattern of abusive behaviors used to exert power and control over a dating partner. The first instance of abuse is dating violence, but dating violence usually involves a series of abusive behaviors over a course of time. In most abusive dating relationships the violence escalates over a period of time and becomes more and more dangerous for the victim. It can happen in a serious or casual, short-term or long-term relationship.

Intimate Partner/Relationship Violence does not discriminate; it does not see gender, sexual identity, economic status, ethnicity or religious preference. It can include verbal, emotional, physical, or sexual abuse, or a combination. Drugs and or alcohol may or may not be a factor.

  • Verbal or Emotional Abuse: Non-physical behaviors such as threats, insults, constant monitoring, humiliation, intimidation, isolation or stalking.
  • Physical Abuse: Any intentional use of physical force with the intent to cause fear or injury, hitting, shoving, biting, strangling, kicking or using a weapon.
  • Sexual Abuse: Any action that impacts a person’s ability to control their sexual activity or the circumstances in which sexual activity occurs, including rape, coercion or restricting access to birth control.
  • Economic Abuse: Making or attempting to make an individual financially dependent by maintaining control over financial resources, or forbidding attendance at school or employment.
  • Cyber Abuse: Use of technologies and /or social media networking to intimidate, harass or threaten a current or ex-dating partner, has also become common. This could include demanding passwords, checking cell phones, cyber bullying, sexting, excessive or threatening texts or stalking on social media.